Crustaceans

Crabs

Mud crab

Trade Name Mud crab
Scientific Name Scylla serrata
French Crabe
Japanese Kani
Spanish Cangrejo
Gear Used Crab traps, Trawl net and Drag nets
Peak Season July to October
Distribution West and East coasts of India
Areas of abundance Coasts of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal and Orissa

Sea Crab
(Portunus sanguinolentus)

Trade Name Sea Crab
Scientific Name Portunus sanguinolentus
French Crabe
Japanese Kani
Spanish Cangrejo
Gear Used Trawl net and Shore seines
Peak Season July to December
Distribution West and East coasts of India
Areas of abundance Off the coasts of Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Karnataka and Gujarat

Sea crab
(Portunus pelagicus)

Trade Name Sea crab
Scientific Name Portunus pelagicus
French Crabe
Japanese Kani
Spanish Cangrejo
Gear Used Trawl net, Drag net and shore seines
Peak Season July to December
Distribution West and East coasts of India
Areas of abundance Off the coasts of W.Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka and Maharashtra

Sea Crab
(Charybdis cruciata)

Trade Name Sea Crab
Scientific Name Charybdis cruciata
French Crabe
Japanese kanid
Spanish Cangrejo
Gear Used Trawl net
Peak Season July to December
Distribution West and East coasts of India
Areas of abundance Off the coasts of Maharashtra, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu

 

Prawns

White Prawn

Trade Name White Prawn
Scientific Name Penaeus indicus
French Crevette
Japanese Ebi
Spanish Camaron
Gear Used Trawl net and Gill net
Peak Season Throughout the year except Monsoon season
Distribution Entire west coast and south-east coast of India
Areas of abundance Kerala and Karnataka coasts

Tiger prawn

Trade Name Tiger prawn
Scientific Name Penaeus monodon
French Crevette
Japanese Ebi
Spanish Camaron
Gear Used Trawl net, gill net and Traps
Peak Season November to May
Distribution East coast and South-west coast of India
Areas of abundance West Bengal and Orissa coasts

Flower prawn

Trade Name Flower prawn
Scientific Name Penaeus semisulcatus
French Crevette
Japanese Ebi
Spanish Camaron
Gear Used Trawl net
Peak Season October to February
Distribution East and west coasts of India
Areas of abundance Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra and Gujarat

Brown shrimp
(Metapenaeus dobsoni)

Trade Name Brown shrimp
Scientific Name Metapenaeus dobsoni
French Crevette
Japanese Ebi
Spanish Camaron
Gear Used Trawl net
Peak Season July to October
Distribution West and East coasts of India
Areas of abundance Kerala and Karnataka coasts

Brown shrimp
(Metapenaeus monoceros)

Trade Name Brown shrimp
Scientific Name Metapenaeus monoceros
French Crevette
Japanese Ebi
Spanish Camaron
Gear Used Trawl net
Peak Season November to May
Distribution West and East coasts of India
Areas of abundance Coasts of Andhra pradesh and Orissa

King prawn

Trade Name King prawn
Scientific Name Metapenaeus affinis
French Crevette
Japanese Ebi
Spanish Camaron
Gear Used Trawl net
Peak Season November to May
Distribution Throughout the west coast and certain parts of East coast
Areas of abundance Maharashtra and Kerala coasts

Marine shrimp

Trade Name Marine shrimp
Scientific Name Parapenaeopsis stylifera
French Crevette
Japanese Ebi
Spanish Camaron
Gear Used Trawl net
Peak Season May to September
Distribution Both the coasts but more in South-West coast
Areas of abundance Kerala and Karnataka coasts

Jawala

Trade Name Jawala
Scientific Name Acetes indicus
Gear Used Dol net
Peak Season September to March
Distribution North-west and North-East coasts of India
Areas of abundance Maharashtra, Gujarat, and coasts of Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Scampi

Trade Name Scampi
Scientific Name Macrobrachium rosenbergii
French Crevette D'eau Douce
Gear Used Cast net and other indigenous gear
Peak Season September to Novemeber and May to july
Distribution In fresh waters and brackish waters along both coasts
Areas of abundance Lakes of West bengal, Orissa and Kerala

Deep sea shrimp

Trade Name Deep sea shrimp
Scientific Name Solenoccera sp
French Crevette
Japanese Ebi
Spanish Camaron
Gear Used Trawl net
Peak Season February to May
Distribution Both the costs but more in South-West Coast

 

Lobster

Sand lobster
(Thenus orientalis)

Trade Name Sand lobster
Scientific Name Thenus orientalis
French Homard
Japanese Iseebi
Spanish Bogavante Lubrigante
Gear Used Lobster pots, trawl net etc.
Peak Season Throughout the year particularly from December to January.
Distribution West and South-East coasts of India
Areas of abundance Karnataka, Maharashtra, Gulf of Mannar and Orissa coasts.

Spiny lobster
(Panulirus spp.)

Trade Name Spiny lobster (Rock lobster)
Scientific Name Panulirus spp.
French Langouste
Japanese Iseebi
Spanish Langosta
Gear Used Lobster trap, Trawl net and Scoop net
Peak Season Throughout the year particularly from December to January
Distribution West and South-East coasts of India
Areas of abundance Gulf of mannar and Maharashtra coast

Spiny lobster

Trade Name Spiny lobster (Rock lobster)
Scientific Name Panulirus homarus
French Langouste
Japanese Iseebi
Spanish Langosta
Gear Used Lobster trap, Trawl net and Scoop net
Peak Season Throughout the year particularly from December to january
Distribution West and South-East coasts of India
Areas of abundance Gulf of Mannar and Maharashtra coast

Spiny lobster

Trade Name Spiny lobster (Rock lobster)
Scientific Name Panulirus orantus
French Langouste
Japanese Iseebi
Spanish Langosta
Gear Used Lobster trap, Trawl net and Scoop net
Peak Season Throughout the year particularly from December to January
Distribution West and South-East coasts of India
Areas of abundance Gulf of Mannar and Maharashtra coast

Deep sea lobster

Trade Name Deep sea lobster
Scientific Name Puuerulus spp.
French langouste
Japanese Iseebi
Spanish Langosta
Gear Used Trawl net
Peak Season Throughout the year particularly from December to January
Distribution South-East and South-West coasts of India
Areas of abundance Gulf of Mannar and off Kerala coast