Marine capture fisheries have very important role for food supply, food security and income generation in India. India have a coast line of 8118 Km, and it is spread over 9 maritime states and 4 Union Territories.
Coastal fisheries fall under State jurisdiction and take place within the first 12 nautical miles from the base line out to sea while Deep-sea fisheries operations, falling under the jurisdiction of the Union Government, are mostly taking place between the 12 nautical miles and the outer boundary of the EEZ. Management of inshore fisheries is the responsibility of State Governments, usually operating through State Fisheries Departments and with specific State-based legislation.
Following are the major fisheries infrastructure in marine sector.
The multi-species multi-gear marine fishing sector of India is divided into four sectors:
India is blessed with a coastline of 8,118 km, 2.02 million sq. km. of Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) including 0.5 million sq. km. of continental shelf area.
|Sl. No.||State/Union Territory||Approximate length of coast line||Number of landing centres|
|10.||Andaman & Nicobar Islands||1912||25|
|11.||Daman & Diu||27||7|
(Source: Statistics and year of the book)